Victor Nurcombe obtained his PhD in Developmental Nerurobiology from the University of Sydney in 1984. He then took both CJ Martin and Humboldt Fellowships to initiate his postdoctoral training at the Max-Planck Institute for Biochemistry in Munich for a period of 4 years, and then worked in Oxford, Paris and New York, before returning to Australia in 1990 first to the Walter & Eliza Hall Institute at the Royal Melbourne Hospital and hence to the University of Melbourne in 1992 as a Senior Lecturer.
In 1998, he became a Reader and Associate Professor at the University of Queensland as Head of their Developmental Biology Program, before being headhunted to the IMCB in Singapore as a Principal Investigator in Stem Cell Biology in 2003, co-heading the lab with Simon Cool. In August 2008, he became a Principal Investigator within the IMB. He is also an Adjunct Professor to the LKC School of Medicine, Imperial College London-NTU, Singapore, as well as the University of Lille in France.