The programmes launched under the Electronics Cluster can be categorized under Dielectric Nanoantennas and Skyrmions.
Plasmonics appeared more than a decade ago as a new research direction with high potential for future industrial applications. However, plasmonic materials are not compatible with Complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) technology and experience strong energy losses in the optical spectral range. This strongly limits their real-world application.
In the Dielectric Nanoantennas Pharos Programme, we are working on the development of dielectric and semiconductor nanostructures as a substitute for plasmonics for various optoelectronics applications. A unique advantage of these dielectric and semiconductor nanostructures is that they are almost loss-free and possess strong resonant behaviour at optical frequencies similar to plasmonic nanostructures.
Given the exponential consumption of information in society today, there is a growing need for high density memory devices. These data system technologies will require high-density, non-volatile memory (NVM) cells with instantaneous access and energy-efficient readout.
Magnetic skyrmions represent a promising alternative as they can bring down the size of the memory devices to below 10nm. The properties of magnetic skyrmions have tremendous potential in realising future high-density and energy-efficient NVM as well as magnetic logic devices.