A*STAR performs cutting-edge research in a wide spectrum of Infocomm Technologies including:
- Artificial Intelligence (AI)
- Data, Image & Video Analytics
- Internet-of-Things (IoT)
- Modelling & Simulation, and
- Natural Language Processing (NLP)
Our innovations have been applied in various integrated solutions and is making impact to sectors such as Engineering, Manufacturing, Healthcare, Security, Education, Finance, and Transportation.
Artificial Intelligence (AI)
In the area of AI, A*STAR’s vision is to be one of the leading centres for AI R&D and innovation in Asia, spearheading the creation, translation and adoption of AI technologies for Singapore.
Our AI capabilities include machine learning, analytics, bioinformatics, computer vision, image & video analytics, speech technologies, natural language processing, and robotics. Under A*STAR’s AI Initiative, these component technologies will be brought together in an integrative and coordinated manner to tackle industry needs in various domains.
Leveraging existing AI capabilities, A*STAR is developing new focal areas in AI.
a) Human-Centric AI
Current day AI are primarily machine-centric and much development is required to advance AI capabilities to a level that it can deeply understand humans, reason for humans, and learn like humans. By connecting AI with people at multiple levels, the objective is for AI to behave safely and support goal-oriented human-social behaviours and activities. Developments in this area can bring about more seamless, intuitive human-robot, human-machine interactions in homes and at workplaces. It will also be the enabler of many applications such as collaborative robots in manufacturing, assistive robots for rehabilitation, and personalised skills training for workers, which benefit individuals, as well as the economy and society.
b) Next Generation Deep Learning
Deep learning has been a key contributor in the growth of AI and huge advances in deep learning will continue to be a force-multiplier in propelling AI capabilities forward. A*STAR’s focus on next-generation deep learning will include development of algorithms which will make technological leaps towards learning with fewer labelled samples, compression of neural networks, incorporating knowledge graphs, and white-box deep learning. Advances in next generation deep learning will further expand the performance of AI in applications such as real-time video, audio and image processing for autonomous systems, heterogeneous analytics for predictive maintenance, machine learning on embedded and mobile devices, and security analytics for IoT.
Industrial Internet-of-Things (IIoT)
Industrial Internet-of-Things (IIoT) refers to use of IoT technologies to integrate the information technology and operation technology for industrial applications. Through connecting humans with devices, tools, machines, and robots, IIoT enables intelligent industrial operations using advanced data analytics for transformational business outcomes. IIoT is a key enabler in A*STAR’s Future of Manufacturing (FoM) initiative and is expected to make an impact to Singapore’s emphasis to grow the Advanced Manufacturing and Engineering domain.
A*STAR’s IIoT research programme will harness scientific capabilities across multiple disciplines and research performers to build deep capabilities in IIoT. The programme focuses on developing highly reliable industrial wireless communications, advanced data analytics, and industrial cyber-physical security for cognitive and secure IIoT systems. These technologies are targeted at transforming the manufacturing shop floor and positioning the industry for transformation into Industry 4.0. The innovations will be co-developed with the industry and test-bedded at A*STAR’s Model Factories at Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology (SIMTech) and Advanced Remanufacturing and Technology Centre (ARTC). This enables the validation and demonstration of advanced IIoT technologies for deployment within and beyond Singapore.
Apart from growing novel capabilities in IIoT for manufacturing facilities, A*STAR is bringing the IIoT eco-system together for co-innovation in IIoT for industrial assets in operations and after-market services of these assets. Through a public-private partnership platform, A*STAR plans to accelerate the adoption of IIoT technologies. The platform will bridge the gap between research and industry applications, bringing technological solutions directly to the industry to improve productivity, as well as create new products and business opportunities.
Details of A*STAR’s Future of Manufacturing Initiative.
More information on A*STAR’s IIoT capabilities are available at Institute for Infocomm Research
Modelling & Simulation
A*STAR is equipped with modelling and simulation capabilities in the fields of complex systems and engineering mechanics. In the area of complex systems, urban cities have become increasingly complex arising from the rich interplay between structures and socio-economic factors. Leveraging A*STAR’s research capabilities in developing models and simulations, urban planners and policy makers are able to garner further insights that help with addressing issues in areas such as land use, transport, housing demand and other complex networks.
An example is collaboration with HDB which jointly developed an urban microclimatic modelling tool specifically designed for Singapore’s high density city landscapes to help city developers urban planners and master designers draw up Urban Heat Island countermeasures. The tool provides mapping data for temperature, wind, solar irradiance, shading and noise. It enables planners and architects to understand and visualise how the environment interacts with the urban morphologies and fabric. The tool can also test out effectiveness of advanced materials, mitigation measures and design tweaks for better thermal and aural comfort to improve the liveability of Singapore’s towns.
In the area of engineering mechanics, A*STAR employs computational models and simulations, often coupled with high-performance computing, to address research topics in mechanics and mechanical and thermal properties of materials. We have the capabilities to model the behaviour of mechanical and thermal systems ranging from nano- through micro- to macro- scales.
More information on A*STAR’s modelling and simulation capabilities are available at Institute of High Performance Computing.