Events

Technology Lecture on Effects of the Changing Pollution and Climate Situation on Atmospheric Corrosion

Date: 09 Mar 2010 - 09 Mar 2010

Venue: Auditorium, Level 3, SIMTech Tower Block

Speaker
Dr Vladimir Kucera, Scientific Consultant, Swerea KIMAB

Abstract
Sulfur Dioxide (SO2), generated by emissions from fossil fuels, has for a long time been the most important pollutant accelerating atmospheric corrosion of several materials. The quantification of the effect of pollution in combination with meteorological factors has been performed over the last two decades in Europe, within the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution by the ICP Materials and the MULTI-ASSESS projects, and in the RAPIDC/Corrosion project in Asia and southern Africa. The effects of global changes on corrosion have also been studied in the Noah´s Ark project. Data from these programmes shows that sulfur pollution has decreased dramatically in the industrial countries of the temperate zone, while the SO2 levels are high in several places in the RAPIDC network. Dose-Response Functions (DRF) have been developed for the new multi-pollutant situation now found in the temperate zone, where in addition to SO2 and pH, attention is also paid to HNO3 (nitric acid) and particulate matter. Most available field exposure data have been obtained in regions with temperate climate and the results can not directly be used in subtropical/tropical regions. Recent data will allow development of DRFs for these regions. The DRFs contain climatic parameters used in climate change models and can thus be used for estimation of the effects of global changes on atmospheric corrosion.

In this Lecture, Dr Kucera will describe work conducted in several large international research projects that he has been involved in, with emphasis on air pollution effects on materials and cultural heritage objects.

Glossary:
ICP Materials - one of several effect oriented International Co-operative Programmes (ICPs)
RAPID - Regional Air Pollution in Developing Country
MULTI-ASSESS - Model for multi-pollutant impact and assessment of threshold levels for cultural heritage

Who Should Attend
R&D managers, staff and engineers from the chemical, engineering & environment services, precision engineering, and transport engineering industry, as well as lecturers and students

Programme
9.45 am  – 10.00 am Registration
10.00 am – 11.00 am Lecture by Dr Vladimir Kucera
11.00 am   End of Lecture
 
About Dr Vladimir Kucera
Dr Vladimir Kucera is Scientific Consultant at Swerea KIMAB, Stockholm, Sweden. The organisation is one of Europe's leading research institute within corrosion and metals research and was established by merger between the Swedish Corrosion Institute and Institute of Metals Research as part of the Swerea Group, owned jointly by Swedish industry and the government of Sweden.

Dr Kucera's research interests are in the field of atmospheric corrosion and effects of acidification on technical materials and objects of cultural heritage and in the field of corrosion and corrosion protection of motor vehicles. He is responsible for impact on materials of sulphur pollutants in the research group which elaborated Sweden´s case study for the UN Conference on the human environment in 1972 and is co-author of the 1981 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) study 'The costs and benefits of sulphur oxide control'. Since 1985, he is Co-ordinator of the International Co-operative Programme on Effects on Materials organised by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE) within the Convention, on Long-range transport of air pollutants, where the Swedish Corrosion Institute has been appointed as the Main Research Centre. He is responsible for several international research projects and co-operations - the Swedish-Chinese research cooperation between the Swedish Corrosion Institute and the Central Iron and Steel Research Institute in Beijing, completed and ongoing international projects on inventories of corrosion damage on motor vehicles.

Dr Kucera is also Consultant to the World Bank and to SIDA (Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency) in projects concerning acidification in China and in developing countries. He is active within the EU DG Environment and DG Research in preparation of EU Air quality directives, in the monitoring of the research activity, in evaluation of research proposals and projects and as member of research teams in several research projects with emphasis on air pollution effects on materials and cultural heritage objects including cost-benefit analysis. He is member of standardisation committees ISO TC 156 and CEN TC 262 concerning classification of corrosivity of atmospheres and corrosion testing.  In 2008, Dr Kucera received the International Corrosion Councils Pourbaix award for promotion of international co-operation in the field of corrosion.

Dr Kucera holds a MSc in Chemical Metallurgy and PhD in Corrosion Science, Chemical-Technical University (Prague). He did his post doctoral at the Royal Institute of Technology, Dept of Technical Electrochemistry and Corrosion Science (Stockholm). He is author of close to 150 scientific and technical papers and reports.

Registration
This lecture is free-of-charge. Pre-registration is required. Please register online by 8 March (Monday)

Enquiries
Technical enquiries: Dr Andrew Soutar, Senior Scientist, Email: soutar@SIMTech.a-star.edu.sg
General enquiries: Ms Fong Cheng Yen, Tel: 6793 2591, Email: fongcy@scei.a-star.edu.sg