Robots for the Human
Date: 25 Mar 2004 - 25 Mar 2004
A new field of robotics is emerging. Robots today are moving towards applications beyond the structured environment of a manufacturing plant. They are making their way into the everyday world that people inhabit. The successful introduction of robotics into human environments will rely on the development of competent and practical systems that are dependable, safe, and easy to use. The discussion focuses on models, strategies, and algorithms associated with the autonomous behaviours needed for robots to work, assist, and cooperate with humans. In addition to the new capabilities they bring to the physical robot, these models and algorithms and more generally. The body of developments in robotics is having a significant impact on the virtual world. Haptic interaction with an accurate dynamic simulation provides unique insights into the real-world behaviours of physical systems. The potential applications of this emerging technology include virtual prototyping, animation, surgery, robotics, cooperative design, and education among many others. Haptics is one area where the computational requirement associated with the resolution in real-time of the dynamics and contact forces of the virtual environment is particularly challenging. The presentation describes various methodologies and algorithms that address the computational challenges associated with interactive simulations involving multiple contacts with complex human-like robotic structures.
Prof. Khatib received his Ph.D. in 1980 from Sup'Aero, Toulouse, France. He is a Professor of Computer Science at Stanford University. His current research is in human-centered robotics, human-friendly robot design, dynamic simulations, and haptic interactions. His exploration in this research ranges from the autonomous ability of a robot to cooperate with a human to the haptic interaction of a user with an animated character or a surgical instrument. Professor Khatib was the Program Chair of ICRA2000 (San Francisco) and Co-Editor of “The Robotics Review”. He is also the President of the International Foundation of Robotics Research, IFRR, and Co-Editor of STAR, Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics. Furthermore Prof. Khatib is a “Distinguished Lecturer” of IEEE and a recipient of the JARA Award.